Aviation Giants – Airbus
In the early 70’s widebody airplanes like Boeing 747, Douglas DC-10 and Lockheed L-1011 “Tristar” had been a synonym of comfort and huge capability. After 10 years of us hegemony within the sky, an innovative new competitor showed up from the horizont therefore the battle took fire on new territories. He exceeded the rivalry between Boeing and McDonnell Douglas simply to burst into a duel between western Europe plus the USA. The newest airplane-manufactoring monster, which gradually ended up being collecting strenght contrary to the american domination available, ended up being a youngster associated with joint-venture between France, Germany, the UK and Spain. The collating of biggest europe was not accidental, because earlier in the day each of them alone has actually suffered a reverse when you look at the attempt to conquer the leaders across the ocean – the frenchmen with regards to “Mercury” and “Caravelle”, the English along with their “Trident”. The good news is, at first of the21th century, Airbus is the greatest attempting to sell airplane-manufactoring organization in the field, lefting behind the archirival Boeing.
Airbus Industries ended up being founded in december 1970 by four consortiums: Aerospatiale – France (37.9per cent), Daimler-Benz Aerospace – Germany (37.9per cent), British Aerospace – UK (20%) and Casa – Spain (4.2per cent).
Airbus A 300-600 ST Beluga
The freighter made their very first flight in 1994. Their assigment is transport different parts of the Airbus airplanes (for example – wings, human body, motors) from maker towards Airbus works in Toulouse, France. Due to his certain types, Beluga is called “the traveling whale”.
Number: 1 665-5 700km
Airbus A 300
Airbus A 300 is the first widebody airplane with two engines, assigned to move passangers between the
european capital cities. The aircraft can hold 250 people in two-class and 336 in one-class configuration. The first trip has-been made on the 28th of october 1972. Since then 250 airplanes has been around five variations – B1, B2, B4-200, C4/F4, 600 and 600ER.
Number: 6 968km
The following model is assigned to fly on long-range locations. The first journey was made in the 3rd of april 1982. This new airplane has faster fuselage than A 300 and certainly will carry less passangers. There are four variations of the plane – 200, 200C, 200F, and 300.
Number: 9 175km
Airbus A318 may be the smallest Airbus on the market. He is one of the A320 family members. The aircraft can carry 100 passangers. Due to the most recent engines and technologies, A318 is considered the most rantabile airplane at this time. They can take on regional aircrafts like Embraer and Bombardier.
Number: 4 500km
The exploatation for the A-319 begins in may 1996 because the plane flies for first time in the tints of Swissair.
The model is a shortened type of A-320 and in two-class setup can hold 126 passangers. Together with his range and capacity, A-319 can compete the dutch Fokker 100.
Range: 4 500km
On air festival in Le Bourget on 6th of june 1981, Airbus provides their newest project – the A-320.
Built on the newest airspace technologies, A-320 works well, efficient and simple for exploatation and maintance, & most crucial – less expensive than the the other airplanes in this portion. A-320 can hold 146 people and actions into exploatation for Air France in 1988. Over 1100 aircrafts happen built since 1984.
Range: 5 551km
A-321 could be the 4th airplane of this A-320 family members. He’s a lengthier form of the beds base model – A-320. A-321 is assigned to transport 220 passangers in two-class configuration. His maximum take-off body weight is 89 000kg.
104 airplanes are delivered to the air companies.
Number: 4 907km
In november 1992 – twelve months following the first journey of A-340, will be taking off the first A-330. He’s the largest two-engine aircraft of Airbus. There are two main versions of A-330 – A330-200 and A-330-300. The A-330-300 gets the same measurements as the A-340-300 however with two motors less along with 335 passangers can fly 8900km without refueling. He could be in addition 20percent less heavy versus A-340-300 and has take-off body weight of
Range: 8 900km
Special interest deserves the A-340 which is built as a solution associated with the Boeing 777. This four-engine, long-range aircraft makes his very first journey from the 25th of october 1991. There are four variants for this jet – A-340-200, -300, -500 and -600. The differents between them would be the measurements, the capacity plus the range. Alltogether 286 A-340s are delivered to the airlines.
Number: 13 805km
Capacity: 262 (3-class config)
Range: 12 325km
Capability:295 (3-class config)
Number: 15 355km
Capacity: 316 (3-class config)
Range: 13 960km
Capability: 375 (3-class config)
Information source and much more: Airbus Airplanes Information
The writer – Hristo Stefanov, is a publisher in Aviation World weblog.
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